Carolina S. Vera

Investigadora Principal CONICET
Profesora Titular UBA  FCEN-DCAO

carolina arroba

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Cargos Actuales & Títulos Obtenidos


Investigador Principal (CONICET)

Profesora Titular
(Depto. de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos / FCEyN-UBA).


Licenciada en Ciencias Meteorológicas, FCEN/UBA, 1986.
Doctora en Ciencias de la Atmósfera, FCEN/UBA, 1992.

Area de Especialización

Dinámica de la atmósfera de gran escala.
Variabilidad climática y cambio climático en Sudamérica.

Actividades Relevantes

  • •Vice-Chair del Grupo de Trabajo 1 del IPCC
  • •Miembro del Comité Científico de Future Earth
  • •Miembro del Comité Científico del Programa International Transformations to Sustainability Programme del International Council for Social Sciences
  • •Vicedecana de la Fac. de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales/UBA
  • •Directora del CIMA
  • •Miembro Officer del Joint Scientific Committee del World Climate Research Program (WCRP)
  • •Miembro del Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) del Interamerican Institute for Global Change (IAI)
  • •Lead Author of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Special Report on “Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation”
  • •Miembro Ex-Oficio del Comité Científico del Programa Internacional Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)/CGIAR

Publicaciones desde 2010

Hernández, V.; Riglos, F.; Vera, C. S. (2022). Addressing climate services in SouthAmerican Chaco region through a knowledge coproduction process. Global Environmental Change. 72. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102443.

Campitelli, E.; Díaz, L.B.; Vera, C. (2022). Assessment of zonally symmetric and asymmetric components of the Southern Annular Mode using a novel approach. Climate Dynamics. 58 nº1. 10.1007/s00382-021-05896-5.

Andrian, L.G.; Osman, Ma.; Vera, C.S. (2022). Climate predictability on seasonal timescales over South America from the NMME models. Climate Dynamics. 10.1007/s00382-022-06506-8.

Liverman, D.; Vera, C.; et al. (2022). Survey of gender bias in the IPCC. Nature. 602. 10.1038/d41586-022-00208-1.

Osman, M.; Shepherd, T.G.; Vera, C.S. (2022). The combined influence of the stratospheric polar vortex and ENSO on zonal asymmetries in the southern hemisphere upper tropospheric circulation during austral spring and summer. Climate Dynamics. 59. 10.1007/s00382-022-06225-0.

Díaz, L.; Saurral, R.; Vera, C. (2021). Assessment of South America Summer Rainfall Climatology and Trends in a Set of Global Climate Models Large Ensembles. International Journal of Climatology. 41. 10.1002/joc.6643.

Osman, M.; Coelho, C.A.S.; Vera, C.S. (2021). Calibration and combination of seasonal precipitation forecasts over South America using Ensemble Regression. Climate Dynamics. 57. 10.1007/s00382-021-05845-2.

Mindlin, J.; Shepherd, T. G.; Vera, C.; & Osman, M. (2021). Combined effects of global warming and ozone depletion/ recovery on Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation and regional precipitation. Geophysical Research Letters. 10.1029/2021GL092568.

Ruscica, R.C., Sörensson, A.A., Diaz, L.B., Vera, C.; Castro, A.; Papastefanou, P.; Rammig, A.; Rezende, L.F C.; Sakschewski, B.; Thonicke, K.; Viovy, N.; von Randow, C. (2021). Evapotranspiration trends and variability in southeastern South America: The roles of land-cover change and precipitation variability. International Journal of Climatology. /10.1002/joc.7350..

Griggs, D.; Stafford Smith, M.; Warrilow, D.; Street, R.; Vera, C.; Scobie, M.; Sokona, Y. (2021). Use of weather and climate information essential for SDG implementation. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment. 2. 10.1038/s43017-020-00126-8.

Iturbide, M.; Vera, C.; et al. (2020). An update of IPCC climate reference regions for subcontinental analysis of climate model data: definition and aggregated datasets. Earth System Science Data. 12. 10.5194/essd-12-2959-2020. issue4.

Alvarez M. S; Coelho, C.A.S.; Osman, M; Firpo, M.; Vera C.S. (2020). Assessment of ECMWF Subseasonal Temperature Predictions for an Anomalously Cold Week Followed by an Anomalously Warm Week in Central and Southeastern South America during July 2017. Weather and Forecasting. 10.1175/WAF-D-19-0200.1.

Díaz, L. B.; Saurral, R. I. ; Vera, C.S. (2020). Assessment of South America summer rainfall climatology and trends in a set of global climate models large ensembles. International Journal of Climatology. Citations: 1.

Franco, B. C.; Defeo, O.; Piola, A.R.; Barreiro, M.; Yang, H.; Ortega, L.; Gianelli, I.; Castello, J.P. ; Vera, C.; Buratti, C.; Pajaro, M.; Pezzi, L. P. ; Möller, O. O. (2020). Climate change impacts on the atmospheric circulation, ocean, and fisheries in the southwest South Atlantic Ocean: a review. Climatic Change. 10.1007/s10584-020-02783-6.

Cai, W.; McPhaden, M.; Grimm, A.; Rodrigues, G.; Taschetto, A.; Garreaud, R.; Dewitte, B.; Poveda, B.; Ham, Y.G.; Santoso, A.; Ng, B.; Anderson, W.; Wang, G.; Geng, T.; Jo, H.S.; Marengo, J.; Alves, L.; Osman, M.; Li, S.; Wu, L.; Karamperidou, C.; Takahashi, K.; Vera, C. (2020). Climate impacts of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation on South America. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment. 10.1038/s43017-020-0040-3. Nature.

Saurral, R.I.; García-Serrano, J.; Doblas-Reyes, F.J.; Díaz, L.B.; Vera, C.S. (2020). Decadal predictability and prediction skill of sea surface temperatures in the South Pacific region. Climate Dynamics. 10.1007/s00382-020-05208-3.

Robledo, F.; Vera, C.; Penalba, O. (2020). Multi‐scale features of the co‐variability between global sea surface temperature anomalies and daily extreme rainfall in Argentina. International Journal of Climatology. 10.1002/joc.6462.

Osman, M.; Vera, C.S. (2020). Predictability of Extratropical Upper-Tropospheric Circulation in the Southern Hemisphere by Its Main Modes of Variability. . Journal of Climate . 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0122.1. 33,.

Beron-Vera, F.J.; Bodnariuk, N.; Saraceno, M.; Olascoaga, M.J.; Simionato, C. (2020). Stability of the Malvinas Current. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science. 10.1063/1.5129441.

Mindlin, J.; Shepherd, T.G. ; Vera, C.S. ; Osman, M.; Zappa, G.; Lee, R.W.; Hodges, K.I. (2020). Storyline description of Southern Hemisphere midlatitude circulation and precipitation response to greenhouse gas forcing. Climate Dynamics. 10.1007/s00382-020-05234-1.

Vera, C.S.; Díaz, L.B. ; Saurral, R.I. (2019). Influence of Anthropogenically-Forced Global Warming and Natural Climate Variability in the Rainfall Changes Observed Over the South American Altiplano. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 10.3389/fenvs.2019.00087. fenvs.2019.00087,.

Alvarez, M.S.; Cerne, B.; Osman, M.; Vera, C.S. (2019). Intraseasonal and low frequency processes contributing to the December 2013 heat wave in Southern South America.. Climate Dynamics. 10.1007/s00382-019-04838-6.

Langendijk, G.S.; Aubry-Wake, C.; Osman, M.; Gulizia, C.; Attig-Bahar, F.; Behrens, E.; Bertoncini, A.; Hart, N.; Indasi, V.S.; Innocenti, S.; van der Linden, E.C.; Mamnun, N.; Rasouli, K.; Reed, K.A.; Ridder, N.; Rivera, J.; Ruscica, R.;Ukazu, B.U.; Walawender, J.P.; Walker, D.P.;Woodhams, B.J.; Yılmaz, Y.A. (2019). Three Ways Forward to Improve Regional Information for Extreme Events. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 10.3389/fenvs.2019.00006.

Vera, C.S.; Osman, M. (2018). Activity of the Southern Annular Mode during 2015–2016 El Niño event and its impact on Southern Hemisphere climate anomalies. International Journal of Climatology. 10. 1002/joc.5419.

Vera, C.S. (2018). Farmers transformed how we investigate climate.. Nature. 562 (7725). doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06856-6.

Elisio, M.; Vera, C.S.; Miranda, L. (2018). Influences of ENSO and PDO phenomena on the local climate variability can drive extreme temperature and depth conditions in a Pampean shallow lake affecting fish communities . Environmental Biology Fish. 101. 10.1007/s10641-018-0726-2.

Vera, C.S.; Alvarez, M.S.; Gonzalez ,P.L.M.; Liebmann, B.; Kiladis, G. N. (2018). Seasonal cycle of precipitation variability in South America on intraseasonal timescales. Climate Dynamics. 10.1007/s00382-017-3994-1 .

Díaz, L.; Vera, C.S. (2018). South American precipitation changes simulated by PMIP3/CMIP5 models during the Little Ice Age and the recent global warming period . International Journal of Climatology. 38. 10.1002/joc.5449.

Spennemann, Pablo.C.; Rivera, J.A.; Osman, M.;Saulo, A.C.; Penalba, O.C. (2017). Assessment of seasonal soil moisture forecasts over Southern South America with emphasis on dry and wet events. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 8 (18). 10.1175/JHM-D-17-0015.1.

Díaz, L.B.; Vera, C.S. (2017). Austral summer precipitation interannual variability and trends over Southeastern South America in CMIP5 models. International Journal of Climatology. 37. doi:10.1002/joc.5031.

Osman, M.; Vera; C.S. (2017). Climate Predictability and prediction skill on seasonal time scales over South America from CHFP models. Climate Dynamics. 49. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3444-5.

Alvarez, M. S.; Vera, C. S.; Kiladis, G. N. (2017). MJO modulating the activity of the leading mode of intraseasonal variability in South America. Atmosphere. 8. 10.3390/atmos8120232.

Tompkins, A.M.; Ortiz De Zárate, M.I.; Saurral, R.I.; Vera, C.; Saulo, C.; Merryfield, W.J.; Sigmond, M.; Lee, W.; Baehr, J.; Braun, A.; Butler, A.; Déqué, M.; Doblas-Reyes, F.J.; Gordon, M.; Scaife, A.A.; Imada, Y.; Ishii, M.; Ose, T.; Kirtman, B.; Kumar, A.; Müller, W.A.; Pirani, A.; Stockdale, T.; Rixen, M.; Yasuda, T. (2017). The Climate-System Historical Forecast Project: Providing Open Access to Seasonal Forecast Ensembles from Centers around the Globe. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS). 98. 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0209.1.

Carril, A.F.; Cavalcanti, I.F.A.; Menéndez, C.G.; Sörensson, A.; López-Franca, N.; Rivera, J.A.; Robledo, F.; Zaninelli ,P.G.; Ambrizzi, T.; Penalba, O.C.; da Rocha, R.P.; Sánchez, E.; Bettolli, M.L.; Pessacg, N.; Renom, M.; Ruscica, R.; Solman, S.; Tencer, B.; Grimm, A.; Rusticucci, M.; Cherchi, A.; Tedeschi, R.; Zamboni, L, (2016). Extreme events in La Plata basin: A retrospective analysis of what we have learned during CLARIS-LPB project. Climate Research. 68 (2). 10.3354/cr01374 .

Junquas, C.; Li, L.; Vera, C.; Le Treut, H.; Takahashi, K. (2016). Influence of South America orography on summertime precipitation in Southeastern South America. . Climate Dynamics. 46 (11-12). 10.1007/s00382-015-2814-8 .

Robledo, F. Vera, C.; Penalba, O. (2016). Influence of the large-scale climate variability on daily rainfall extremes over Argentina. International Journal of Climatology. 36. 10.1002/joc.4359.

Alvarez, M.S.; Vera, C.S.; Kiladis, G.N.,; Liebmann, B. (2016). Influence of the Madden Julian Oscillation on precipitation and surface air temperature in South America. Climate Dynamics. 46 (1-2), . 10.1007/s00382-015-2581-6.

Osman, M.; Vera, C.S; Doblas-Reyes, F.J. (2016). Predictability of the tropospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere from CHFP models. Climate Dynamics. 46 (7). 10.1007/s00382-015-2710-2..

Jacques-Coper, M.; Brönnimann, S.; Martius, O.; Vera, C.; Cerne, S.B. (2016). Summer heat waves in southeastern Patagonia: an analysis of the intraseasonal timescale. International Journal of Climatology. 36. 10.1002/joc.4430.

Arias, P.A., Fu, R., Vera, C., Rojas, M. (2015). A correlated shortening of the North and South American monsoon seasons in the past few decades. Climate Dynamics. 45 (11-12) . DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2533-1.

Vera, C.S.; Díaz, L. (2015). Anthropogenic influence on summer precipitation trends over South America in CMIP5 models. International Journal of Climatology. 35 (10). 10.1002/joc.4153.

Hannart, A.; Vera, C.; Otto, F.E.L.; Cerne,B. (2015). Causal influence of anthropogenic forcings on the Argentinian heat wave of December 2013. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS). 96 (12). 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00137.1.

Jacques-Coper, M.; Brönnimann, S.; Martius, O.; Vera, C.S.; Cerne, S.B. (2015). Evidence for a modulation of the intraseasonal summer temperature in Eastern Patagonia by the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 120(15) . 10.1002/2014JD022924.

Cavalcanti, I.; Carril, A.F.; Penalba, O.C.; Grimm, A.M.; Menéndez, C.; Sanchez, E.; Cherchi, A.; Sörensson,A.; Robledo, F.; Rivera, J.; Pantano, V.; Bettolli, M.L.; Zaninelli, P.; Zamboni, L.; Tedeschi, R.G.; Dominguez, M.; Ruscica, R.; Flach, R. (2015). Precipitation extremes over La Plata Basin -Review and new results from observations and climate simulations. Journal of Hydrology. 523. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.01.028.

Alvarez, M.; Vera, C.; Kiladis, G.; Liebmann, B. (2014). Intraseasonal Variability in South America during the Cold Season . Climate Dynamics. 42. 10.1007/s00382-013-1872-z.

González, P.; Vera, C. (2014). Summer precipitation variability over South America on long and short intraseasonal timescales. Climate Dynamics. 43.

Junquas, C.; Vera, C.S.; Li, L.; Le Treut, H. (2013). Impact of SST changes projected in a global warming scenario on summer rainfall in southeastern South America. Climate Dynamics. 40. 10.1007/s00382-013-1695-y.

Flombaum, P.; Gallegos, J.L.; Gordillo, R.A.; Rincón, J.; Zabala, L.L.; Jiao, N.; Karl, D.M.; Li, W.K.W.; Lomas, M.W.; Veneziano, D.; Vera, C.S.; Vrugt, J.A.; Martiny, A.C. (2013). Present and future global distributions of the marine Cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus. . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110(24).

Goddard, L.; Hurrell, J.; Kirtman, B.; Murphy, J.; Stockdale, T.; Vera, C. (2012). Provision of Seasonal-to-Decadal Climate Information to Underpin Climate Services. . Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS). 93.

Marengo, J.A.; Liebmann, B.; Grimm, A.M.; Misra, V.; Silva Dias, P.L.; Cavalcanti, I.F.A.; Carvalho, L.M. V.; Berbery, E.H.; Ambrizzi, T.; Vera, C.S.; Saulo, A.C.; Nogues-Paegle, J.; Zipser, E.; Seth, A.; Alves, L.M. (2012). Recent developments on the South American monsoon system.. International Journal of Climatology. 32. 10.1002/joc.225.

Junquas, C.; Vera,C.S.; Li, L; Le Treut, H. (2012). Summer Precipitation Variability over Southeastern South America in a Global Warming Scenario . Climate Dynamics. 38 . 10.1007/s00382-011-1141-y.

Cerne, B.; Vera, C. (2011). Influence of the intraseasonal variability on heat waves in subtropical South America. Climate Dynamics. 36. 10.1007/s00382-010-0812-4.

Liebmann, B.; Kiladis, G.; Allured, D.; Vera, C.; Jones, C.; Carvalho, L.M.V.; Blade, I.; González, P. (2011). Mechanisms associated with large daily precipitation events in Northeast Brazil. Journal of Climate . 24. 10.1175/2010JCLI3457.1.

González, M.H.; Vera, C.S. (2010). On the interannual winter rainfall variability in Southern Andes. International Journal of Climatology. 30. 10.1002/joc.1910.

Publicaciones anteriores a 2010

Silvestri, G., C. S. Vera, 2009: Interdecadal variations of the Southern Annular Mode and its impact on South America. Enviado a J. Climate.

Vera, C. S., G. Silvestri, 2009: Precipitation interannual variability in South America from the WCRP-CMIP3 Multi-model dataset. En prensa en Climate Dynamics.

Gonzalez, M., C. S. Vera, 2009: On the interannual wintertime rainfall variability in the Southern Andes. En revision en Int. Jou. Climatology.

Liebmann, B., G. N. Kiladis, L. M.V. Carvalho, C. Jones, C. S. Vera, I. Blade, D. Allured, 2009: Origin of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves over South America. En prensa en J. Climate.

Silvestri, G., C. S. Vera, 2008: Evaluation of the WCRP-CMIP3 model simulations in the La Plata Basin. Meteorol. Appl. 15, 497–502.

Silvestri, G., C. S. Vera, D. Jacob, S. Pfeifer, C. Teichmann, 2008: A high-resolution 43-year atmospheric hindcast for South America generated with the MPI regional model. Clim. Dyn. (en prensa) DOI 10.1007/s00382-008-0423-5.

González, P. M., C. Vera, B. Liebmann, G. Kiladis, 2007: Intraseasonal variability in subtropical South America as depicted by precipitation data. Clim. Dyn., 30, 727–744.

Gonzalez, M., C. Vera, B. Liebmann, J. Marengo, V. Kousky, D. Allured, 2007: The nature of the rainfall onset over central South America. Atmósfera. 20(4) 379-396.

Liebmann, B., Camargo, S., Seth, A., Marengo, J., Carvalho, L., Allured, D., Fu, R., Vera, C., 2007: Onset and End of the Rainy Season in South America in Observations and the ECHAM 4.5 Atmospheric General Circulation Model, 2007: J. Climate, 20, 2037–2050.

Cerne, B., C. Vera, B. Liebmann, 2007: The nature of a heat wave in eastern Argentina occurring during SALLJEX. Mon .Wea. Rev. 135, 1165-1174.

Vera, C., W. Higgins, J. Amador, T. Ambrizzi, R. Garreaud, D. Gochis, D. Gutzler, D. Lettenmaier, J. Marengo, C. R. Mechoso, J. Nogues-Paegle, P. L. Silva Dias, and C. Zhang, 2006: A Unified View of the American Monsoon Systems. J. Climate, Vol. 19, 4977–5000.

Vera, C., G. Silvestri, B. Liebmann, and P. Gonzalez 2006: Climate change scenarios for seasonal precipitation in South America from IPCC-AR4 models. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L13707, doi:10.1029/2006GL025759.

Vera, C.; J. Baez; M. Douglas; C. B. Emmanuel; J. Marengo; J. Meitin; M. Nicolini; J. Nogues-Paegle; J. Paegle; O. Penalba; P. Salio; C. Saulo; M. A. Silva Dias; P. Silva Dias; and E. Zipser, 2006: The South American Low-Level Jet Experiment (SALLJEX), Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87, 63-77.

Simionato, C., C. S. Vera and F. Siegismund, 2005: Surface wind variability on seasonal and interannual scales over Río de la Plata area. Journal of Coastal Research, 21, 4, 770-783.

Vigliarolo, P., C. Vera, and S. Diaz, 2005: Synoptic-scale variability and its relationship with Ozone and Antarctic Vortex Displacements. Mon. Wea. Rev. 133, 2374–2386

B. Liebmann, C. Vera, L. M.V. Carvalho, I. A. Camilloni, M. Hoerling, D. Allured, V. Barros, J. Baez, M. Bidegain, 2004: An Observed Trend in Central South American Precipitation. J. Climate, 17, 4357-4367.

Liebmann, B., G. Kiladis, C. Vera, A. C. Saulo, L. M. V. Carvalho, 2004: Subseasonal Variations of Rainfall in South America in the Vicinity of the Low-Level Jet East of the Andes and Comparison to Those in the South Atlantic Convergence Zone. J. Climate, 17, No. 19, 3829–3842.

Vera, C. S., G. E. Silvestri, V. R. Barros, and A. F. Carril, 2004: Differences in El Niño response over the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Climate, 17, 1741–1753.

Silvestri, G. E., and C. S. Vera, 2003: Antarctic Oscillation signal on precipitation anomalies over southeastern South America. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(21), doi:10.1029/2003GL018277.

Vera, C, 2003: Interannual and interdecadal variability of atmospheric synoptic-scale activity in the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 108, NO. C4, 8077, doi:10.1029/2000JC000406.

Nogués-Paegle, J., C.R. Mechoso, R. Fu, E.H. Berbery, W.C. Chao, K. Cook, A. Diaz, D. Enfield, R.N. Ferreira, A.M. Grimm, V.E. Kousky, B. Liebmann, J.A. Marengo, K.C. Mo, J.D. Neelin, J. Paegle, A. Robertson, A. Seth, C. Vera, J. Zhou, 2002: Progress in Pan American CLIVAR research: Understanding the South American monsoon. Meteorologica, 27, 3-32.

Campetella, C. and C. Vera, 2002: The influence of the Andes mountains on the South American low-level flow. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (17), 1826, doi: 10.1029/ 2002GL015451.

Vera, C., P.K. Vigliarolo and E. H. Berbery, 2002: Cold season synoptic scale waves over subtropical South America. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 684-699.

Vigliarolo, P., C.Vera, and S.Díaz, 2001: Southern Hemisphere Winter Ozone Fluctuations. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 127, 559-578.

Vera, C. and P. K. Vigliarolo, 2000: “A statistical-dynamical diagnostic of cold-air outbreaks over South America”, Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, No. 1, 3-24.

Berbery, E. H. and C. Vera, 1996: "Characteristics of the Southern Hemisphere Winter Storm Track with Filtered and Unfiltered Data" J. Atmos. Sci., 53, No. 3, 468-481

Vera, C., 1994:"Horizontal Structure of Heigth Forecast Errors over the Southern Part of South America" Quart. Jou. Roy. Met. Soc., vol. 120, pages 1345-1365.

Vera, C., 1994: "Analysis Verification Experiments with a Statistical Interpolation System" Mon.Wea.Rev., vol.122, No. 6, pages 1247-1262.

Vera, C.; Possía, M. N.; Nuñez, 1990: “Evaluación Preliminar de un sistema de asimilación de datos intermitente para la región sur de Sudamérica". Meteorológica vol. 17, 27-32.

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